Category Archives: Vocabulary comparisons

On Articles (which is more interesting than you might think. Really!)

OK, you might be thinking today’s post about articles (that’s the fance word for little words like “the” and “an” and “a”) may be dull or pointless, but stick with me. It’s interesting! I promise. So here goes. In Miluk … Continue reading

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Possible meanings of “Garden” words

There are words for garden recorded in Siuslaw (pa’naq) and Hanis (tlxanii). The Hanis word, tlxanii, was only recorded once, in Leo Frachtenberg’s notes from his interviews in 1909 with Hanis speakers James Buchanan and Tom Hollis. It suddenly occurred to me about two days … Continue reading

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Coosan words for lizards

There were three words given in Hanis for ‘lizard’: ika’chos (ɨgá’čǝs), yigát’sos (yɨgát’sǝs), and chommillii (čǝmmɨ´lli). It’s been rather confusing to sort them out, for not only do they appear to describe different species but at least one seems wholly … Continue reading

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Chasing after mystery fish and semantics

I often wish I could climb into a TARDIS (forget HG Well’s machine, no I would much rather hitchhike with the Doctor, given a choice) and visit some fluent native speakers of Hanis, Miluk or Siuslaw. Because sometimes in the … Continue reading

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Shared words between Siuslaw and the Coosan languages

Hanis, Miluk, Siuslaw and Alsea are all generally supposed to be related to one another, altho clearly Siuslaw and Alsea are someone more closely related to each other than to the Coosan languages. The relationship between Hanis and Miluk is … Continue reading

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Does Hanis have a diminutive?

Above: a kawol (pack basket) from Coos County (Phoebe Hearst museum collection, UC Berkeley) A diminutive is an affix that modifies a word to add the meaning ‘little’ or ‘cute’ or associated meanings like that. Siuslaw has a diminutive suffix … Continue reading

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Some curious “family” words

There are several words in Hanis and Milluk that can mean family, relatives. Some have other meanings beyond that – estis can also mean any crowd or group of people (in addition to ‘extended family’). Qahlalis also seems to mean extended family, … Continue reading

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To Dive, Sink and the mystery suffix -m

So the previous post was about the Hanis and Milluk verb tk’wil– to dive, sink and dilm-to be sunk in the water. In Jim Buchanan’s “Nephew Story” aka “The Girl and the Sea Serpent” the verb tk’wil-appears two more times – and … Continue reading

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To Dive, to sink, sunk in the water

Anyone who has ever studied another language realizes that it’s tricky translating from one language to another – there is so much variation between languages in terms of idioms, semantic domains of individual words (like in Russian they don’t have … Continue reading

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New word: dark (colors)

At this stage, I don’t find many new Hanis words. Found one last night, however, a new word for ‘dark’. In St Clair’s (1903) and Frachtenberg’s work (1909) with Hanis speakers Jim Buchanan and Tom Hollis, they recorded a verb … Continue reading

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