Category Archives: Vocabulary comparisons

Words for ‘grizzly bear’

Both Hanis and the Siuslaw/Lower Umpqua called grizzly bears swahl.  (Siuslaw/LU and Hanis share a handful of words, so this kind of overlap isn’t unusual)  They did have different words for black bear (shximhl versus t’ii or to’íí respectively).  Black bear in Milluk is pelel. … Continue reading

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Wherein I run into trouble in the very 1st sentence…

I thought it might be fun to retranslate Annie Peterson’s story about Fossil Point. And right in the first line I ran into interesting words, and expressions of speech that were quite different then Jim Buchanan (the only other Hanis … Continue reading

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New Verbs!

Just when I thought there were no new sources of Hanis and Milluk language out there…new words and phrases are found! Troy Anderson scanned hundreds of pages of slip files from the Jacobs archives and within those pages are a … Continue reading

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Alakichik: Chinook Jargon word

Last year my cousin Heidi sent me the Grand Ronde’s dictionary of Chinook jargon. Chinook Jargon is a trade language that was once widely spoken throughout the Pacific Northwest. It’s core vocabulary is derived from Chinookan and other neighboring Native … Continue reading

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Comparing Alsea, Siuslaw, Hanis, Milluk #s

I’ve been working, off and on, on comparing St Clair’s list of 200+ Milluk and Hanis words (that he got in 1903 from work with Jim Buchanan, Frank Drew and George Barney). One part of the vocabulary where there is … Continue reading

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Milluk dialects

At one time there were at least two (likely more) dialects of Hanis and there were at least 2 (maybe more) dialects of Milluk:  the Lower Coquille and South Slough.  (I speculate that Baldicha – Gregory Point might have been … Continue reading

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Why 2 words for Jealousy?

I’ve written before about the trickiness of reconstructing meanings of some native words when they only appeared once or twice in the notes of some ethnographer. I have run into one of these minor troubles by noting there are 2 … Continue reading

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